Home » personalities » So different hoffman

So different hoffman

personalities : So different hoffman
Ernst Theodore Amadeus Hoffmann

A major prose writer, Hoffmann opened a new page in the history of German romantic literature. His role is also great in the field of music as the pioneer of the genre of romantic opera, and especially as a thinker who first set out the musical and aesthetic provisions of romanticism. As a publicist and critic, Hoffmann created a new artistic form of musical criticism, then developed by many major romantics (Weber, Schumann, Liszt, Berlioz and others). The pseudonym as a composer is Johann Chrysler.

Hoffmann's life, his career is a tragic story of an outstanding, multi-talented artist, misunderstood by contemporaries.

The content of the article

  • Biography of Theodore Hoffmann
  • Beginning of a creative career
    • Hoffmann and theater
    • Hoffmann's musical creativity

Biography of Theodore Hoffmann

Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann (1776-1822) was born in Koenigsberg, in the family of a royal lawyer. After the death of his father, Hoffmann, who was then only 4 years old, was brought up in his uncle's family. Already in childhood, Hoffmann's love for music and painting was manifested.

THIS. Hoffmann is a lawyer who dreamed of music and became famous as a writer.

During his stay at the gymnasium, he made significant progress in playing the piano and in drawing. In 1792-1796, Hoffmann completed a course of science at the Faculty of Law, University of Koenigsberg. At the age of 18, he began giving music lessons. Hoffmann dreamed of musical creativity.

“Ah, if I could act according to the drives of my nature, I would certainly become a composer, ” he wrote to one of his friends. “I am convinced that in this area I could be a great artist, and in the field of jurisprudence I will always remain a jerk”

After graduating from the university, Hoffmann holds minor judicial posts in the small town of Glogau. Everywhere where Hoffmann lived, he continued to study music and painting.

The most important event in the life of Hoffmann was a visit to Berlin and Dresden in 1798. The artistic values ​​of the Dresden art gallery, as well as the diverse impressions of Berlin's concert and theater life, made a huge impression on him.

Hoffmann riding a cat Murre fights with the Prussian bureaucracy

In 1802, for one of his evil caricatures of the highest authorities, Hoffmann was removed from his post in Poznan and sent to Plock (remote Prussian province), where he was essentially in exile. In Plock, dreaming of a trip to Italy, Hoffmann studied Italian, studied music, painting, caricature.

The appearance of his first major musical works dates back to this time (1800-1804). In Płock, two piano sonatas (f-moll and F-dur), the c-moll quintet for two violins, viola, cello and harp, the four-part d-moll mass (accompanied by the orchestra) and other works were written. In Plotsk, the first critical article was written on the use of the choir in modern drama (in connection with Schiller’s Messina bride, published in 1803 in a Berlin newspaper).

Beginning of a creative career

At the beginning of 1804, Hoffmann was assigned to Warsaw.

The provincial atmosphere of Plock oppressed Hoffmann. He complained to friends and sought to get out of the "vile place". At the beginning of 1804, Hoffmann was appointed to Warsaw.

In the large cultural center of that time, Hoffmann's creative activity took on a more intense character. Music, painting, literature take possession of him more and more. In Warsaw, the first musical and dramatic works of Hoffmann were written. This is a swing for the text by C. Brentano “Jolly Musicians”, music for the drama by E. Werner “Cross on the Baltic Sea”, one-act swing for “Uninvited guests, or the Canon of Milan”, opera in three acts “Love and Jealousy” on the plot of P. Calderon as well as the Es-dur symphony for a large orchestra, two piano sonatas and many other works.

Heading the Warsaw Philharmonic Society, Hoffmann, in 1804-1806, was a conductor in symphony concerts and lectured on music. At the same time, he painted the premises of the Society.

In Warsaw, Hoffmann became acquainted with the works of German romantics, major writers and poets: Aug. Schlegel, Novalis (Friedrich von Hardenberg), V. G. Wackenroder, L. Thicke, K. Brentano, who had a great influence on his aesthetic views.

Hoffmann and theater

Hoffmann's intense activity was interrupted in 1806 by the invasion of Warsaw by Napoleon’s troops, which destroyed the Prussian army and dissolved all Prussian institutions. Hoffmann was left without a livelihood. In the summer of 1807, with the help of friends, he moved to Berlin, and then to Bamberg, where he lived until 1813. In Berlin, Hoffmann did not find use for his versatile abilities. According to an ad in a newspaper, he found out about the position of bandmaster in the Bamberg City Theater, where he moved at the end of 1808. But not having worked there for a year, Hoffmann left the theater, not wanting to put up with routine and cater to the backward tastes of the public.

As a composer, Hoffmann took a pseudonym - Johann Chrysler

In search of a job in 1809, he turned to the famous music critic I.F. Rokhlits, the editor of the Universal Music Newspaper in Leipzig, with a proposal to write a number of reviews and short stories on musical topics. Rokhlits proposed to Hoffmann, as a theme, the story of a brilliant musician who came to complete poverty. So the genius “Kreisleriana” arose - a series of essays about the bandmaster Johannes Kreisler, the musical short stories “Cavalier Gluck”, “Don-Juan” and the first music-critical articles.

In 1810, when the composer's old friend Franz Holbein was at the head of the Bamberg theater, Hoffmann returned to the theater, but now as a composer, artist, decorator and even architect. Under the influence of Hoffmann, the works of Calderon in the translations of Aug were included in the repertoire of the theater. Schlegel (shortly before this was first published in Germany).

Hoffmann's musical creativity

In 1808-1813, many musical works were created:

  • romantic opera in four acts “A drink of immortality”
  • music for the drama “Julius Sabin” by Soden
  • operas Aurora, Dirna
  • one-act ballet “Harlequin”
  • piano trio E-dur
  • string quartet, motets
  • four-part choirs a cappella
  • Miserere with orchestra accompaniment
  • many pieces for voice and orchestra
  • vocal ensembles (duets, quartet for soprano, two tenors and bass and others)
  • in Bamberg, Hoffmann began work on his best work - the opera Ondine

When F. Holbein left the theater in 1812, Hoffmann's position worsened, and he was forced to look for a position again. Lack of livelihoods forced Hoffmann to return to legal service. In the fall of 1814 he moved to Berlin, where from that time he held various positions in the Ministry of Justice. However, the soul of Hoffmann still belonged to literature, music, painting ... He rotates in the literary circles of Berlin, meets with L. Thick, K. Brentano, A. Chamisso, F. Fouquet, G. Heine.

Hoffmann's best work was and remains the opera Ondine

At the same time, the popularity of the Hoffmann musician is growing. In 1815, his music for the solemn prologue of Fouquet was performed at the Royal Theater in Berlin. A year later, in August 1816, the premiere of "Undiny" took place in the same theater. The production of the opera was distinguished by its extraordinary splendor and was warmly received by the audience and musicians.

"Undine" was the last major musical work of the composer and at the same time a composition that opened a new era in the history of the romantic opera house in Europe. Hoffmann's further career was mainly connected with literary activity, with his most significant works:

  • The Elixir of the Devil (novel)
  • The Golden Pot (fairy tale)
  • “The Nutcracker and the Mouse King” (fairy tale)
  • “Alien Child” (fairy tale)
  • "Princess Brambilla" (fairy tale)
  • “Baby Tsahes nicknamed Zinnober” (fairy tale)
  • The Mayorate (novel)
  • four volumes of stories “The Serapion Brothers” and others ...
Statue depicting Hoffmann with his cat Murr

Hoffmann's literary work culminated in the creation of the novel “The Worldly Views of the Cat Murra, coupled with fragments of the biography of the bandmaster Johannes Kreisler, who accidentally survived in the waste paper” (1819-1821).

In 1820, Hoffmann was appointed a member of the government commission for the investigation of political crimes. Such an appointment was deeply contrary to the entire democratic spirit of Hoffmann's worldview. In his fairy tale The Lord of the Fleas (Meister Flo), he brought out a sharply satirical image of the legal adviser Knarrpantp, in which it was easy for contemporaries to recognize the chairman of the commission G. von Kampets. This was announced at the Ministry of Justice. The manuscript was confiscated. A lawsuit was instituted against Hoffmann. All this coincided with a sharp deterioration in the health of the writer.

June 25, 1822 Hoffmann died.

Leave Your Comment