Felix Mendelssohn: biography
“People often complain that the music is too ambiguous, they have to think when they listen, it is so incomprehensible, at the same time everyone understands the words. It happens to me exactly the opposite, and not only regarding the whole speech, but also about individual words ”
The content of the article
- Little Wunderkind - Felix Mendelssohn
- Years of study
- Beginning of a conducting career
- At the peak of popularity
Little Wunderkind - Felix Mendelssohn
Jacob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy was born in Hamburg on February 3, 1809 in the family of the banker Abraham, who was the son of the famous Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, and Leah Solomon. Parents sought to abandon Judaism, their children did not receive a religious education and were baptized in the Lutheran church in 1816.
The surname Bartholdi was added at the suggestion of Leah’s brother, Jacob. Abraham later explained this decision in a letter to Felix as a means of showing a decisive break with the traditions of his father Moses. Although Felix signed Mendelssohn-Bartholdy in obedience to his father, he did not mind using only the first part of the family name.
The family moved to Berlin in 1811. Parents sought to give Felix, his brother Paul and sisters Fanny and Rebecca the best education. The older sister, Fanny, became a famous pianist and amateur composer. Initially, her father thought that she was more musically gifted, but did not consider a career in music suitable for a young girl.
At the age of 6, Felix Mendelssohn began to receive piano lessons from his mother, and from the age of seven he studied with Marie Bigot in Paris. Since 1817, he studied composition with Karl Friedrich Zelter. At 9 years old, his debut took place when he took part in a chamber concert in Berlin.
Zelter introduced Felix to his friend Goethe, who later shared his impressions of his young talent, citing a comparison with Mozart:
“Musical miracles ... probably no longer so rare; but what this little man can do by playing improvisation or from the sheet is on the verge of magic. I can’t believe that this is possible at such an early age. ”
“Nevertheless, you heard Mozart in his seventh year in Frankfurt”> Later Felix met Goethe repeatedly and put to music a lot of his poems.
Years of study