Damn heavy synthesizer - Hammond organ: part II
This happened in the distant thirties of the twentieth century. A Skinner organ was installed in the chapel of the University of Chicago, and, in addition to it, a small apparatus was brought in, which cost almost a hundred times cheaper.
The content of the article
- Guess which organ is playing
- Hammond tone cabinets
Guess which organ is playing
The tone cabinets of the latter (they played the role of speakers) were hidden among the pipes of the wind organ so that no external signs could give out a novelty. Both keyboards were also hidden.
Everything was arranged so that the jury could not see what, in fact, they are now playing on. Two groups - students and musicians - prepared to listen.
Their task was to mark what a play was being played on. And the concert began.
Students guessed, at best, fifty percent. Among professionals, the picture was even more ambiguous: some of them guessed in nine cases out of ten, while others, on the contrary, could almost never get into.
Play by play was played, and representatives of the Hammond company began to perk up. And a little click on the Federal Trade Commission.
In the end, the members of the commission surrendered, and it was decided that the Hammond organ had the full right to be called the organ. Not so bad at all!
True, Hammond was cut back on something: he could no longer describe his instruments in the spirit that they could produce an infinite number of sounds. I had to write the truth: 253 million. Even for an organ too much ...
Hammond tone cabinets
Speakers are worth a special mention .... More precisely, not the speakers, but Hammond's tone cabinets. They themselves have become a legend, and some stories are already associated with them.
Was Leslie a subordinate of Lawrence Hammond ">
Like "Marshall" in the world of rock music. It seems that there are a bunch of other amplifiers, and as you watch concerts of rock bands, whether it be Metallica, Megadet or Slayer, all the speaker walls consist of characteristic cabinets with a golden strip and thus a nameplate. About the same story happened with Leslie's cabinets.
But at one time, they nevertheless collaborated quite closely. Just when in 1936 in America there was a transition from a supply current of 50 hertz to 60 hertz.
The trouble is that the tone generators that powered this current began to sound higher. Here Leslie at one time and was engaged in their restructuring.
After some time, he began to refine his invention of new interesting cabinets that not only made sounds, but could also reproduce some effects, such as the effect of rotating speakers.
No doubt, there really was something spinning, but still it was not the speakers themselves. Although the sound was cool. So much so that this effect was named after Leslie. The modern filer is also somewhat similar to it.
But the rivalry between Leslie and Hammond still continued until 1980, that is, until the Hammond company bought the production of Leslie's cabinets.
Just by that time, the Hammond organ, the same Hammond organ that had already become a legend, was no longer released. Its production was completed four years earlier, in 1976, and everything that is still being produced is, although more advanced, more durable and reliable, but imitation. Now it is truly a synthesizer that mimics the sounds of an organ. But already - the Hammond organ ...