The history of the piano in the context of world progress
Have you ever thought about the path that individual, everyday objects that surround us in everyday life have to go through?> If you haven’t thought about it or if you are just bored with the story, I will immediately warn you from reading: yes, there will be dates and there will be many facts that I will try to make, as far as my modest powers are, not as dry as their teachers stated at school.
The content of the article
- Piano as a victim of progress
- When and where was the piano born?
- Nowhere to develop further?
Piano as a victim of progress
Progress does not stand still and, once bulky-eyed and bulky, modern monitors and televisions make envy of ladies always dieting; Phones are not just everywhere with you, but now they also have free access to the Internet, GPS navigation, cameras and thousands of other useless lotions.
Often progress is extremely cruel and objects of new trends with their predecessors are treated like children with retired parents. But, as they say, every progress has its own dinosaurs.
Keyboard instruments have also come a long way in development, but such classical instruments as the piano, grand piano, organ and many others related to them did not give way to synthesizers and midi keyboards and did not go to the dustbin of history. And, I tell you a secret, I’m sure that this will never happen.
When and where was the piano born "> When people talk about when the first piano appeared, it is traditionally believed that his birthplace was Florence (Italy), and the inventor was Bartolomeo Cristofori; 1709 is called the exact date - it was this year that Scipio Muffei called the year of the appearance of pianoforte (“a keyboard instrument that plays quietly and loudly”), and at the same time gave the first name to the instrument, which was fixed to it practically all over the world.
Christophery’s invention was based on the harpsichord case (do not forget that in those days when there were no microphones, the initial volume of the instrument was extremely important) and a keyboard mechanism similar to the clavichord.
I do not advise, however, to relate to this date and the name of the inventor is too trusting - remember the story of the appearance of the radio. Who would risk with absolute certainty to name his specific inventor "> A similar situation with the invention of the piano - it was not a sudden discovery - the Italian simply got the honorary branch of the championship, but if, for some reason, something happened to him, then At the same time, the Frenchman Jean Marius and the German Gottlieb Schroeder were developing such a piano.
Let's be honest enough with ourselves and with human history - I personally think that all these scientists are innovators. Why? Everything is elementary. If we return to the history of the development of the piano, this instrument also did not appear overnight.
The first version, created by Christophori, was infinitely far from the piano that we are used to seeing. But the instrument has not ceased to evolve for almost three hundred years! And this is only from the moment of its appearance in a more familiar view of the modern man’s eye, and yet, in order to reach this stage, centuries of progress of musical instruments had to go through.
There is one interesting theory of the appearance of the very first musicians. Primitive musicians were ordinary hunters, who suddenly realized that ordinary hunting guns were able to make melodic sounds.
So the bow string is actually the very first string in the world! But the so-called Pan flute is considered the very, very first instrument - it takes its origin from the most primitive weapon - the spitting tube.
Pan's flute is the progenitor of such an instrument as an organ, namely the organ was the first keyboard instrument (it appeared about 250 BC in Alexandria of Egypt).
And if the spitting tube is the “great-grandfather” of the piano, then its “great-grandmother” is the bow mentioned above. The sound of the stringing arrow of the bowstring inspired the primitive hunters to create the first stringed-plucked instrument - the harp.
This instrument is so ancient that it was known earlier than the beginning of ancient times; he was even mentioned in the biblical Book of Genesis. A lot of branches went from the harp and, ultimately, it influenced the development of all musical instruments based on the strings: guitar, violin, harpsichord, clavichord and, of course, our main character - the piano.
Another key detail in the history of the piano, in addition to the strings, as you probably already guessed, is the keys. Close to a modern keyboard, its history dates back to medieval Europe from the 13th century.
It was then that the first time the world saw the appearance of a key, similar to the construction of keys customary for our eyes and fingers - 7 white and 5 black in an octave, total 88 keys.
But in order to create a keyboard of this type, a slightly shorter path was traveled than from a harp to a harpsichord. Many musicians, whose names were forever dissolved over the centuries, struggled to understand what its structure should all the same be.
Then there were no black keys at all and, accordingly, the performers did not have the opportunity to play half-tones, which, roughly speaking, was rather flawed. Let's not forget that the classical system of seven notes was also born for quite a long time in disputes.
Nowhere to develop further "> Music accompanied a person, starting from the time when there were no states yet, and developed in close contact not only with technological progress, but also with general changes in a person’s attitude.
It took the piano more than 2, 000 years to form into the instrument that we are used to seeing and hearing.
And when, as it seems, there is nowhere to develop further, progress will bring us many surprises, do not hesitate!