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Philip Glass - biography and works of the American minimalist

personalities : Philip Glass - biography and works of the American minimalist

A prominent representative of the school of minimalism, Philip Glass (English Philip Glass), whose music sounded in the movie "Leviathan", considers himself an adherent of the "repeating structure." This composer not only wrote soundtracks for films, but also was seriously interested in philosophy and mathematics, which not all his connoisseurs know about. The filmography of the maestro is quite extensive, but we recommend listening to his albums, available in mp3 format. After that, you can feel the spirit of American minimalism of the 80s.

The content of the article

  • Philip Glass - Early Biography Pages
    • Collaboration with Godfrey Reggio and creative breakthrough by the maestro
  • Major works
  • Composer Achievements

Philip Glass - Early Biography Pages

Now Philip Glass considers himself to be a school of classicism, because he was able to perfectly master counterpoint and harmony. This is confirmed by numerous studies, which are better to listen to in the concert hall or with a good speaker system. A certain imprint was left on our hero’s travels in Africa and Asia. The musician's early work was influenced by several prominent writers:

  • Johann Sebastian Bach;
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart;
  • Franz Schubert.

The future composer was born in a Jewish family living in Baltimore. This happened in January 1937. Philip's parents are immigrants from the territory of modern Lithuania who fled from the Stalinist repressions. Entering the University of Chicago, the future author of Akhenaten and the Japura River intensively studied philosophy and mathematical disciplines. The best education, according to Philip himself, he received in Paris - at the Juilliard School of Music under the auspices of Nadi Boulanger.

Ravi Shankar

Glass considers Ravi Shankar, an Indian composer, who actually introduced a minimalist into the world of cinema, to be his main mentor. The symbiosis of two talented writers resulted in unusual melodies that shocked the imagination of music lovers. Friends are still recording together, participating in amazing music projects. The fruits of joint cooperation are heard not only in European concert halls, but also on Broadway.

Collaboration with Godfrey Reggio and creative breakthrough by the maestro

World fame comes unexpectedly - no one can predict such a thing. The breakthrough for Glass was the Koyaanisqatsi trilogy. Godfrey Reggio's first film premiered in 1983. It was the Koyaaniskatsi tape, followed by Povakatsi and Nakoykatsi. Some advertising videos were created by sound designers from the movie music of the famous minimalist. Other films were widely known, over which the master worked on the soundtracks:

  • The Truman Show;
  • "Kundun";
  • "Illusionist";
  • Candyman
  • "Clock".
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During his life, F. Glass has repeatedly experienced creative metamorphoses. He traveled for a long time across the African continent and Asian countries, trying to find his own sound and assemble a team capable of performing his heroes symphony at the proper level. Einstein on the Beach was the first opera work that Glass and Robert Wilson began working on in 1975. Filip came to the cinema by the already established minimalist with his own system of values.

"- Is there music that anyone should hear"> Large works

In 1976, Einstein migrated from the European stage to the Broadway stage. On November 21, the opera made a splash, after which the disc came out. Subsequently, the composer delighted the audience with many cult compositions, including Opening, Morning passages, Dracula and Symphony No. 3. In 1998, CBS released the Akhnaten opera, commissioned by the Stuttgart Opera House.

Ballets, theatrical productions, and cinema - the composer's range of interests is quite wide. Among the writer's projects there are quite original things - for example, the play Philip Glass Goes for Bread, set in 1990. The opera “In Correctional Colony” (2001) was created based on the story of Franz Kafka. The opera portrait of Satyagraha (1980), dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi, is also noteworthy. Connoisseurs of domestic cinema could hear the soundtracks of the composer in Zvyagintsev's paintings Leviathan and Elena.

Composer Achievements

Ravi Shankar and Philip Glass released the joint composition Passages, which later became incredibly popular. Minimalist albums are a resounding success, his operas are staged around the world, recorded on disks and instantly disperse. Among the directors Glass has collaborated with are Andrei Zvyagintsev, Peter Weir, Woody Allen and Martin Scorsese. The composer is the owner of the Golden Globe and the triple Oscar nominee. In 1984, at the opening of the Olympics in Los Angeles, a composition of a talented American was also sounded.

Our hero often tours as part of his Philip Glass Ensemble team. Philip not only writes tracks for concerts, but also plays the keys himself. Another offspring of the musician is Mabou Mines, a theater company founded by Lee Brewer and Glass in 1970. You can also hear minimal American soundtracks in some series, for example, in the fifth season of Clinic.

An important place in the cinematic career of the maestro is occupied by a film dedicated to Yukio Misima, the Japanese writer who committed hara-kiri after an unsuccessful coup. The Mishima sound is permeated with Japanese melody. Asian influence is also felt in Kundun, where Tibetan instruments are used - cymbals, ritual trumpets, monks' voices.

Philip Glass is a very original author, whose work is actively discussed, criticized, compared with predecessors and contemporaries. You need to watch his films and feel the spirit of symphonies in order to form your own unbiased opinion.

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